TOP HILL FARMS INC.
U-CUT CHRISTMAS TREE FARM
The Colorado Blue Spruce tree is one of the most popular ornamental conifers. Blue Spruce range in color- from green, green/ blue to silver blue in color.The needles are stiff, prickly and about 1 to 1-1/2 inches in length. The Blue Spruce has a nice pyramidal shape with strong limbs that can hold heavy ornaments. The Blue Spruce is known for its lovely blue foliage which can also appear silvery. Commonly known as a Colorado Blue Spruce is a medium-sized coniferous evergreen tree growing to 82–98 ft tall, exceptionally to 151 ft tall, and with a trunk diameter of up to 4 ft 11 in. The bark is thin and gray, with narrow vertical furrows. The crown is conic in young trees, becoming cylindric in older trees. The shoots are stout, orange-brown, usually glabrous, and with prominent pulvini. The leaves are 1.5 to 2 inches long, dagger shaped, sharply mucronate, lanceolate, sessile, acuminate, deflexed, rigid, coriaceous, somewhat serrulate, very numerus, bright green above and slightly glacous below. The leaves are needle-like, 0.59–1.2 in long, stout, rhombic in cross-section, dull gray-green to bright glaucous blue (very variable from tree to tree in wild populations), with several lines of stomata; the tip is viciously sharp. The cones are pendulous, slender cylindrical, 2.4–4.3 in long and 0.79 in broad when closed, opening to 1.6 in broad. They have thin, flexible scales 20.79–0.94 in long, with a wavy margin.
Concolor Fir is a favorite Christmas tree among discerning buyers. The needles of the are silvery blue to silver-green; flat; blunt; 2 to 3 inches long. Concolor fir, also known as a White fir, is popular as a Christmas tree and for Christmas decoration owing to its soft needles, generally excellent needle retention and abundance. The leaves are needle-like, flattened, 1.0 to 2.4 inches long and .08 inches wide by .02 to .4 inches thick, green to glaucous blue-green above, and with two glaucous blue-white bands of stomatal bloom below, and slightly notched to bluntly pointed at the tip. The leaf arrangement is spiral on the shoot, but with each leaf variably twisted at the base so they all lie in either two more-or-less flat ranks on either side of the shoot, or upswept across the top of the shoot but not below the shoot. The cones are 2.3 to 4.7 inches long and 1.5 to 1.7 inches broad, green or purple ripening pale brown, with about 100-150 scales; the scale bracts are short, and hidden in the closed cone.
Douglas Fir is not a true fir but actually has its own unique classification. Unlike true firs the cones on Douglas fir hang downward. Douglas fir grows cone-shaped naturally, has 1 to 1-1/2 inch needles that are persistant and has a sweet scent when crushed. The Doug fir tree is shipped to and found in nearly every tree lot in the Unites States. The tree was named after David Douglas who studied the tree in the 1800's. Douglas-fir Christmas trees are usually trimmed to a near perfect cone instead of left to grow naturally like Noble and Grand firs. Douglas-firs are medium-size to extremely large evergreen trees, 70–390 ft tall (although only Coast Douglas-firs reach such great height). The leaves are flat, soft, linear, 0.8–1.6 in long, generally resembling those of the firs, occurring singly rather than in fascicles; they completely encircle the branches, which can be useful in recognizing the species. The female cones are pendulous, with persistent scales (unlike true firs), and are distinctive in having a long tridentine (three-pointed) bract that protrudes prominently above each scale.
Balsam fir is a beautiful pyramidal tree with short, flat, long-lasting, aromatic needles. Balsam fir and Fraser fir have many similar characteristics and some botanists consider them extensions of the same species. Their geographic ranges do not overlap and the Balsam fir has to have cold winters and cool summers. Balsam fir has a nice, dark green color and very fragrant. The tree was named for the balsam or resin found in blisters on bark and which was used to treat wounds in Civil War. The needles are shiny dark green above, silvery with two gray or white bands below. The fragrant needles are 5/8"-1". They are flattened with blunt or rounded and sometimes notched tips Balsam Fir is a small to medium-size evergreen tree typically 46–66 ft tall, rarely to 89 ft tall, with a narrow conic crown. The bark on young trees is smooth, grey, and with resinblisters (which tend to spray when ruptured), becoming rough and fissured or scaly on old trees.
Fraser Fir is widely known as the #1 Christmas tree. Its mild fragrance, shape, strong limbs, and ability to retain its soft needles (which do not prick easily when hanging ornaments) for a long time when cut make it one of the best trees for this purpose Fraser Fir has been used more times as the Blue Room Christmas tree (the official Christmas tree of the President of the United States White House) than any other type of tree. The Fraser Fir is a small evergreen coniferous tree growing to between 30 and 50 feet tall (rarely to 80 ft) with a trunk 16 to 20 inches across (rarely up to 30 in). The crown is conical, with straight branches either horizontal or angled 40° upward from the trunk; it is dense when the tree is young, but becomes more open as it ages. The bark is thin and smooth, gray-brown with numerous resin blisters on young trees, becoming fissured and scaly with age. The foliage is strongly turpentine-scented, the leaves are needle-like, arranged spirally on the twigs but twisted at the base to spread in two rows; they are 0.4 to 0.9 inches long and 79 to 87 mils of an inch broad, flat and flexible with a rounded or slightly notched tip, dark green to glaucous green above, often with a small patch of stomata near the tip, and with two silvery white stomatal bands on the underside. The cones are erect, cylindrical, 1.4 to 2.75 inches long (rarely to 3.2 in) and 1.0 to 1.2 inches broad (rarely as broad as 1.5 in) broad, dark purple, turning light brown when mature, with long reflexed green, yellow or pale purple bract scales, and often resinous.
A large evergreen tree with a central trunk and dense, ascending, lateral branches from the ground up. The needles are single, somewhat rigid, sharply pointed, spirally arranged on the branches, 1/3"-3/4", dark green to blue green. Black Hills Spruce is noted for its dark green foliage and conical form. They are dense with strong ¾ to 1-1/4 inch needles. The black hills spruce, more commonly known as a white spruce, is a large coniferous evergreen tree which grows normally to 49 to 98 ft tall, but can grow up to 130 ft tall with a trunk diameter of up to 3.3 ft. The bark is thin and scaly, flaking off in small circular plates 2.0 to 3.9 in across. The crown is narrow - conic in young trees, becoming cylindric in older trees. The shoots are pale buff-brown, glabrous (hairless) in the east of the range, but often pubescent in the west, and with prominent pulvini. The leaves are needle-like, 0.47 to 0.79 in long, rhombic in cross-section, glaucous blue-green above with several thin lines of stomata, and blue-white below with two broad bands of stomata. The cones are pendulous, slender, cylindrical, 1.2 to 2.8 in long and 0.59 in wide when closed, opening to 0.98 in broad. They have thin, flexible scales 0.59 in long, with a smoothly rounded margin.
Sheared varieties of eastern white pines are usually desired because of their stereotypical Christmas Tree conical shape, as naturally grown ones can become too thick for larger ornaments or grow bushy in texture. The branches are also widely used in making holiday wreaths and garland because of their soft, feathery needles. The eastern white pine has the distinction of being the tallest tree in eastern North America. Smaller specimens are popular as live Christmas Trees. Eastern Whites are noted for holding their needles well, even long after being harvested. They also are well suited for people with allergies, as they give little to no aroma. A standard 6-foot (1.8 m) tree takes approximately 6 to 8 years to grow in ideal conditions.
Content provided by Wikipedia.com and forestry.com - 11/1/12